Noticias del día30 de agosto de 2006
UK- A non- native (alien) seaweed has been discovered in Loch Fyne (Argyllshire) for the first time, Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) revealed yesterday.
A non-native (alien) seaweed has been discovered in Loch Fyne (Argyllshire) for the first time, Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) revealed yesterday.
Japweed or Wireweed (Sargassum muticum) was spotted by a Seasearch co-ordinator for the Marine Conservation Society in west Scotland.
It is the fourth time that the alien species has been found in Scotland since it was first recorded two years ago.
Sargassum is a nuisance species as it grows very rapidly in the summer and when it becomes established on the lower shore it can reduce the diversity of native seaweeds by outgrowing and shading them. It also has the potential for an economic impact through, for example, the fouling of boat hulls, clogging water
intakes and on shellfish farming equipment.
Fiona Manson, Maritime Advisory Officer at SNH said:
"Sargassum is a native of the western Pacific and is unwelcome because of theimpact it can have on our native marine wildlife. It is not as problematic as some non-native species, which can cause millions of pounds of damage, but Sargassum is colonising the Clyde at an alarming rate and there is very little we can do to control it. It is a stark reminder that we must do everything we can to prevent non-natives from getting into Scotland in the first place."
Sargassum was first recorded in the UK in 1973 on the Isle of Wight, and has since spread along the south coast of England and into Wales and Ireland.
The first reports of Sargassum in Scotland were in Loch Ryan in 2004 and, since then, populations have also been found at Great Cumbrae Island and on the North Ayrshire coast. In July 2006, Sargassum was reported in Loch Fyne, and it may already be present, but as yet unidentified, in other locations in the Firth of Clyde.
Sargassum is very difficult to control and can spread rapidly because
broken-off fragments float and remain reproductively active for some weeks.
Indeed it may already be too late to prevent further spread up the West Ccoast.
SNH would like to know more about how far Sargassum has reached this year, and is appealing to members of the public to help by letting them know if you have spotted it during the summer.